The first Hundred Drums Wangala Festival was organised on December 6 and 7, 1976 at Asanang, the Headquarters of Rongram Development Block, 18 km from Tura in India.
During Wangala, people young and old dress in their colourful garments (Dakmanda, Daksari, or Gando) and feathered headgear (do’me) and dance to music played on long, oval-shaped drums (Dama). Katta Doka (talking in a singing style), Ajea, Dani Doka (describing Wangala by singing), Chambil Mesaa or the Pomelo Dance are performed during these days.
Wangala is celebrated for two or three days or up to a week, gathering two or three villages, though recently it has been celebrated for one day in metropolitan areas. Rugala and Sasat Sowa are celebrated on the first day. These rituals are performed inside the house of the Nokma (chief) of the village. Dama Gogata is celebrated on the last day.
Wangala the greatest traditional festival of Garo had been celebrated at every harvesting period in late autumn in the past. Garo people who were mainly dependent on agro-economy. Garo people do not use any agricultural products before thanking God of fertility Misi-Saaljong.
They thank God of fertility, Misi-Saljong in Wangala through dancing, drinking chu, singing for three day & nights. The Wangala is a Garo post-harvest festival that marks the end of the agricultural year. It is an act of thanksgiving to the sun god of fertility, known as Misi-A-Gilpa-Saljong-Galapa. A nagara (a special drum used for calling the people on solemn occasions) is beaten. The social aspect of the Wangala Festival goes on in the villages for a number of days, with eating, drinking and merrymaking. This is the most popular festival of the Garo Hills, and is held in November, the precise date being fixed by the headman. The men and women dance in mirthful gaiety with the beating of drums, blowing of the buffalo horn trumpets and bamboo flutes. The men wear dhotis, half-jackets and turbans with feathers. The women wear colourful dresses made of silk, blouses and a head-wrap with feathers. The highlight of the festival is when 300 dancers and 100 drums descend on the field in all their splendour in celebration. Source: http://megtourism.gov.in/garofest.html
The Wangala festival is therefore a grand Carnival to celebrate the harvest season. This is because after years long toil, the inhabitants find relief in seeing the golden harvest. So, we pay homage to the Lord who blesses us with such a splendid crops and sing and dance to offer worship to the great deity, source of unveiled power in this world.
Wangala is a Garo festival. Every year Garo people celebrate this festival. Source: http://100drumswangala.blogspot.in/, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wangala,
The Wangala ensemble this year includes troupes drawn from different parts of Garo Hills, namely, Dengnapara and Sadolpara, Dadenggre Sub-Division, West Garo Hills, Chidaugre, Selbalgre, Danang Songma, Gondenggre and Rongdurigre, Rongram C & RD Block, West Garo Hills, Wanokdamgre, North Garo Hills, Rongsang Songma, Southwest Garo Hills and Rongsak, Samanda C & RD Block, East Garo Hills.
Indigenous Musical instrument playing competitions like Dama doka, Chigring doka and other traditional competitions like Ajea, Grika and Doroa followed by indigenous games and sports during the day were the highlights of the second day on Saturday followed by the Rugala ceremony performed in the evening.
On the third and final day the “Cha·chat So·a” or the incense burning ritual and Dani Doka will be performed followed by Wangala dance competition among the 10 contingents and conclude with main Hundred Drums Wangala dance.
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